Leonardo DiCaprio had the smallest sign at the climate march, lol

The sign is just so small it's funny.
Image: TASOS KATOPODIS/EPA/REX/Shutterstock

Look, let me start by saying Leonardo DiCaprio has done a lot to combat climate change.

He produced a climate change documentary titled Before the Flood that dropped in 2016. He has a foundation “dedicated to the long-term health and wellbeing of all Earths inhabitants.” The foundation has given $61 million to causes that align with that mission statement. He talks about climate change all the time. And, also, he was among the ~200,000 people in Washington, D.C. on Saturday to protest a White House that very much does not share his (scientifically valid) concern for the damage people are doing to the climate.

It’s just kind of funny that the man who has done all of the above couldn’t get a sign for the protest that was bigger than a piece of computer paper.

Like, at what point did DiCaprio realize he wanted a sign? Did he wake up in a hotel and say, “Shit, I forgot people were going to write things on posters and walk around with them at this thing I’m going to today,” and then he went to the nearest Staples, a Staples with markers but without posterboard? Did the hotel have a green and a red marker and a file folder somewhere? Does he keep these things in a bag?

Anyway, it’s just funny.

WATCH: Giant icebergs are a big tourist draw in Newfoundland, and a warning sign

Read more: http://mashable.com/2017/04/29/leonardo-dicaprio-climate-march-sign-file-folder/

‘First 100 Days’: Trump declares ‘ObamaCare is dead,’ predicts replacement deal soon

President Trump voiced confidence Friday about a new health care overhaul coming together as early as next week, declaring in an interview with Fox News Martha MacCallum that despite Republicans failure to pass a replacement in his first 100 days, ObamaCare is dead.

The president gave himself high marks as he reflected on the unofficial end of that honeymoon period in office. While calling the 100 days measure artificial, he touted progress in courting China to counter the North Korean threat, confirming a Supreme Court justice and making headway on his big-ticket agenda items like health care.

The president acknowledged in the interview with The First 100 Days that hes disappointed with how congressional Republicans handled legislation like the ObamaCare replacement, an initial version of which was pulled from the House floor last month amid flagging support.

I was disappointed that they didn’t have more in line by the time I walked in, Trump said.

But he said he understands the challenge for lawmakers trying to navigate what he called a very tough system, running up against Democratic obstructionists.

He noted ObamaCare itself took 17 months of brutality to get approved and, further, suggested Congress may not have a choice about approving a replacement.

ObamaCare is exploding. ObamaCare is dead — essentially, ObamaCare is dead, it’s not going to make it, he said, citing states like Tennessee where insurance companies are fleeing the exchange programs set up under ObamaCare.  

Since the March meltdown on the initial bill, House Republicans have come back to the table with a new version that has garnered support from the conservative Freedom Caucus. They were unable to bring it to a vote before the end of Trumps first 100 days on Saturday, with the necessary votes still being sought, but Trump said, I believe they’re going to get it done.

He added, I think maybe next week sometime. They’re really coming together.

Trump said House Speaker Paul Ryan is trying very, very hard, and he has confidence in the various factions of the party coming together.

He also voiced confidence about moving forward with his newly unveiled blueprint for tax reform. We’re going to lower taxes, he said, and the biggest beneficiaries are the small companies, and the biggest of all beneficiaries are middle-income people who have really been hurt.

He also said he wants to get GDP growth to 4 percent or higher.

As for his presidency to date, Trump said hes created great foundations in terms of relationships with China and with Japan and with many, many other countries and praised China specifically for putting a lot of pressure on North Korea.

Shortly after the interview, it was confirmed that North Korea test-launched another ballistic missile. Fox News is told it broke up in flight over the Korean Peninsula and has been deemed a failure. One White House official told Fox News they were not surprised by the test, or that it failed.

Trump said he cant say whether Chinese President Xi Jinping will be able to pull it off in pressuring North Korea to change its behavior.

We’ll see what happens, he said.

Trump pointed as well to the confirmation of Justice Neil Gorsuch to the Supreme Court as a highlight, saying, I think hell be a great one.

I could have others and we’ll see what happens, but getting Justice Gorsuch was, to me, a very big thing. And it will be a very big thing in the future, he said.

The appointment of Gorsuch had conservatives cheering, though other recent policy stances like backing off his criticism of NATO, declining to label China a currency manipulator and even launching missile strikes on a Syrian government airbase in response to a chemical weapons attack have left observers guessing as to what the Trump doctrine truly is.

Trump told MacCallum hes not really an ideologue. He described himself as a person of common sense, noting he used to be a Democrat.

I get things done. I’ve always been a closer, Trump said.

He griped about archaic rules in the Senate, like those pertaining to the filibuster. Republicans effectively eliminated the filibuster for Supreme Court nominees in order to push through Gorsuch, but for now senators can still filibuster legislation meaning they demand a 60-vote threshold.

Maybe at some point we’re going to have to take those rules on, Trump said, before naming the filibuster as a problem.

Congressional Democrats put the blame squarely on Trump for shortcomings in the first 100 days. House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., recently described it as a disastrous parade of broken promises to working people.

Trump has not yet notched any major legislative victories since taking office but he pushed back on such critiques in the Fox News interview.

That’s really wrong. First of all, we had 28 bills, he said.

Trump also reacted to the developing controversy behind his fired national security adviser Michael Flynn, whom House lawmakers say may have violated policies against taking foreign money without permission after he left the Obama administration. Trump suggested it was the Obama administration, not his transition team, that erred in vetting him.

I do feel badly for [Flynn]. He served the country. He was a general. But just remember, he was approved by the Obama administration at the highest level, Trump said. And when they say we didnt vet, well Obama I guess didnt vet, because he was approved at the highest level of security by the Obama administration. So when he came into our administration, for a short period of time, he came in, he was already approved by the Obama administration. 

As for his personal and family life, Trump acknowledged hes now in a cocoon protected by the Secret Service at all times, lamenting that he cant drive anymore.

But he said he plans to visit New York again, something he hasnt done yet since taking the oath of office, and is glad his wife Melania and son Barron are joining him in Washington.

Asked whether one term might be enough for him, Trump said hell see.

Maybe it takes a little bit longer, but I think we’re doing tremendously well. I don’t think anybody has ever done this much in a hundred days, he said. But I’ve always said it’s going to be eight years, not four years.

Read more: http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2017/04/28/first-100-days-trump-declares-obamacare-is-dead-predicts-replacement-deal-soon.html

‘Please offer me a seat’ badges launched on TfL network – BBC News

Image copyright Transport for London

Badges for people with hidden health problems have been launched across the Transport for London (TfL) network, following a successful trial.

The blue “Please offer me a seat” badge, and accompanying card, were trialled by 1,200 people in September.

It is believed TfL is the first European transport provider to officially recognise hidden conditions in such a way.

Mayor of London Sadiq Khan said the badges “will make a real difference”.

There is no set definition of conditions that qualify for the badge and card, but TfL say the system will be based on trust – as with the existing “Baby on board” badge scheme.

The scheme was created, TfL said, in response to comments from its customers who struggled to get a seat because their need was not obvious.

During the trial last year 72% of journeys were said to be easier as a result of the badge, while in 86% of trips participants reported feeling more confident when asking for a seat.

Image copyright James McNaught
Image caption James McNaught made his own “cancer on board” badge

Mr Khan said: “These blue badges will make a real difference to passengers who need a seat but just haven’t felt confident enough to ask for one.”

James McNaught, who took part in the trail, previously made his own “cancer on board” badge after chemotherapy on his throat left him unable to speak and doses of morphine made him appear drunk.

He said: “This is a brilliant scheme and I am very glad that it is being introduced by the mayor.

“The anxiousness of needing a seat but being unsure whether you will get one can rob people of the confidence to use public transport.

“This simple initiative will make a huge difference to the lives of many people.”

Read more: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-39734827

School tells this 6th-grader to fix his haircut or face suspension

(CNN)Xavier Davis has a pretty simple haircut: two shaved lines on the side.

So imagine the family’s surprise when the sixth-grader was told by his teacher his haircut was a problem.
“I was walking into class, and she saw my hair and said, ‘You can’t have two lines in your hair. Go to the office,” Xavier told CNN affiliate KPRC.
    School officials with Cedar Bayou Junior High in Baytown, Texas, told Xavier to either fix the haircut or face in-school suspension.
    “He’s had his hair cut like this for six months and now all of a sudden it’s a problem?” Xavier’s father, Matt Davis, told the affiliate.
    Xavier’s mother came up with a creative solution. She used a permanent marker to color the spaces in.
    “In order for him to get an education, we have to treat his hair like a coloring book, I guess,” Davis said.
    CNN has reached out to the Goose Creek Consolidated Independent School District for comment but have yet to hear back.
    The school district told KPRC that “letters, symbols, and designs beyond a single straight line which draw attention to an individual shall not be permitted.”
    “The administrator/supervisor reserves the right to determine if a hairstyle is disruptive to the educational process,” the statement said.

    Read more: http://www.cnn.com/2017/04/26/health/texas-boy-controversial-haircut-trnd/index.html

    Republicans aim to revive health care with new amendment

    (CNN)House Republicans are hoping they can revive Obamacare negotiations once again.

    GOP lawmakers in the House have taken the crucial step of putting their latest hope for a health care compromise on paper, circulating legislative text that could launch yet another round of health care talks just in time for the last of President Donald Trump’s first 100 days in office.
    A draft amendment obtained by CNN, first reported by Politico, gives renewed insight into where the GOP may be moving next. The amendment would allow states to seek waivers to weaken several key Obamacare insurance reforms that protect those with pre-existing conditions, including the benefits insurers must cover in their policies and the ban on allowing carriers to charge more based on a person’s health background.
      The amendment is an effort to once again try and bridge the gap between hardline conservatives in the House Freedom Caucus and more moderate Republican members — a divide so wide that that when the compromise first emerged last week GOP aides remained skeptical that it would be enough to get leadership to the 216 votes it needs to pass the bill.
      The amendment was negotiated between Tuesday Group leader Tom MacArthur, a New Jersey Republican, and House Freedom Caucus Chairman Mark Meadows, with consultation from the White House and House leadership. But there is still little proof that the amendment will finally be the breakthrough that gets the health care bill passed in the House.

      The politics haven’t shifted

      The math problem House leadership has always had remains the same. Any changes aimed at garnering support of conservative House Freedom Caucus members could deter moderates from the bill.
      “We still don’t know how this amendment changes the net vote total,” a senior GOP aide told CNN. “The only ‘deal’ that matters is the one that gets us 216 votes.”
      Leaving the Capitol Tuesday night, Meadows told reporters that he was still working with his group to garner support for the amendment.
      “We’re evaluating this amendment and we’re looking to debate this as a caucus before we make a final decision,” Meadows said.

      Members in the dark

      Many members coming back into town Tuesday night knew little about the proposed amendment except for what they’d seen in news reports. Rep. Lou Barletta, a Pennsylvania Republican who’d been supportive of House leadership’s bill before, described the process as “very frustrating.”
      “All I’ve seen is what I’ve read in the paper,” Barletta said. “Nobody should take any vote for granted.”
      Rep. Mike Coffman, a Republican from a swing district in Colorado, said he’d been supportive of leadership’s first bill, but without seeing the amendment, which had not yet been leaked widely to the media, he said he didn’t know where he stood on it.
      “It’s a change,” Coffman said. “I think certainly for the Freedom Caucus people, it moves them closer, but for somebody like me, it doesn’t.”

      What’s in the amendment

      The amendment would also allow insurers to charge enrollees in their 50s and early 60s more than younger ones.
      States that requested these waivers would be required to put in place protections to minimize cost increases for those with pre-existing conditions, such as high risk pools.
      Obamacare’s “essential health benefits” provision requires insurers to provide 10 services, including maternity coverage, substance abuse and prescription drugs, in all plans. And its community rating measure prevents insurers from charging more to people based on health history or gender.
      The health reform law also limited insurers from charging older enrollees more than three times younger ones. The original GOP repeal bill would have widened that ratio to five-to-one. This provision prompted a lot of backlash from moderates and advocacy groups, such as the powerful AARP.
      While MacArthur stressed that states would not be allowed to waive the Obamacare rule that requires insurers to cover those with pre-existing conditions, health policy experts say the amendment would greatly affect those who are sick or have had medical issues in the past. It would allow insurers to charge them more for coverage, and also it would let insurers once again offer skimpy policies. That would make it harder for the sick to find comprehensive policies that cover their treatments.
      Obamacare’s protections for those with pre-existing conditions are among the law’s most popular provisions.

      Read more: http://www.cnn.com/2017/04/25/politics/macarthur-amendment-health-care-gop-bill/index.html

      Glenn Beck: Trump ‘doing a really good job of misdirection’

      (CNN)Nationally syndicated radio host Glenn Beck said Monday he believes President Donald Trump is “doing a really good job of misdirection.”

      An ABC News/Washington Post poll released Sunday showed 42% of people approve the President’s performance so far. The poll also showed Trump retaining support among his base, with 96% of people who said they voted for him saying they would do so again.
      “He’s done a good job of still appearing to be the guy who is fighting for the little guy,” Beck said. “The people who voted for him really want him to succeed and so they really want to give him the benefit of the doubt.”
        Beck argued that Trump’s policies will catch up with him, specifically his plans for health care.
        “He promised everything to everybody,” Beck said. “He promised that he was going to return us to a free market, but he also said that it was going to be a single-payer system. So once that is no longer in people’s heads, which is everything for everybody, it becomes a reality and that’s when his base starts to shake apart.”

        Read more: http://www.cnn.com/2017/04/24/politics/glenn-beck-donald-trump-polls-anderson-cooper-cnntv/index.html

        Is a robot tax really an innovation penalty?

        When Bill Gates recently suggested robots should pay income tax like any other employee, I didnt immediately disagree. I applaud Gates bold thinking to help solve one of societys biggest upcoming challenges: embracing automation in a way that lifts all boats instead of leaving large swaths of society behind.

        A robot tax would help offset the reduced revenues flowing into public coffers as machines take some jobs previously held by humans.

        However, before we start taxing companies that deploy robotics, lets first agree on what a robot actually is.

        When we think of robots, we typically conjure up images of giant arms building cars on an assembly line, or autonomous delivery vehicles ferrying goods around warehouses. But the classic definition of a robot is fairly simple: a combination of technologies that together sense, evaluate, and act to carry out a defined task.

        The problem with this definition is that its so broad, it would categorize almost all technology including most modern household appliances, computers, and smartphones as robots. So where do we draw the line? Indeed, why single out robots to be taxed and not other technology that increases automation, productivity, or quality?

        Is the technology that translates a surgeons hand movements into more precise movements of tiny instruments considered a robot? How about an ATM, an automated grocery checkout station, or a refrigerator that tells you when you need milk?

        We could narrow the definition of a robot to include only those machines that do tasks once done by a human, but then wed have to include Microsofts vast hardware and software offerings, since computers do things like word processing, transcribing, calculating mathematical formulas, and analyzing data all of which used to be human tasks.

        When you think of all the once-human tasks now done by machines, it quickly becomes clear how difficult it would be to separate certain automation technologies into the robot category. And if a robot tax was imposed, why wouldnt a company simply classifying their new automation technology as computers, appliances or equipment?

        Of course, implementing a robot tax wouldnt just be difficult due to the challenge of defining what is and isnt a robot. It would also be nearly impossible to prove a direct correlation between the implementation of automation technology and the net loss of jobs. In some rare instances, a company might deploy an automation device and then simultaneously lay off a person. But most companies dont operate like this.

        They continually deploy new technologies to improve productivity, laying off some workers while hiring others. In fact, if a robot causes one person to lose a job, perhaps three new people will be hired one to run the robot and two others because the robot improves overall productivity, allowing for expansion hiring.

        In reality, robots, like most automation, help people be more efficient and productive, rather than replace them. Thats been the case for centuries. A study of census data in England and Wales since 1871 found technology created far more jobs than it destroyed during that 140-year period. Machines will take on more repetitive and laborious tasks, but seem no closer to eliminating the need for human labor than at any time in the last 150 years, says the Deloitte report.

        When Gates talks about a robot tax, in essence, hes talking about financially penalizing companies that deploy the latest automation technology a sort of innovation tax which, to me, is a backward tax.

        Shouldnt our government support companies that embrace innovation in an effort to improve productivity and boost revenues? Thats what will make the US economy strong and competitive on a global scale.

        Perhaps a better way to ensure that automation improves the lives of all citizens instead of becoming a wedge that creates a bigger and bigger divide between the haves and have-nots is to ensure corporations pay tax on their profits.

        The more profitable a company becomes due to automation and increased productivity, the more income taxes it should pay into the collective system. Of course, closing loopholes that allow US corporations to dodge taxes will be difficult, but its critical to the long-term health of the global economy.

        Getting companies to pay their fair share of taxes wont solve the larger societal challenge that automation will eventually displace low-skilled workers, nor would a robot tax. Instead, governments should focus on using corporate tax revenues to create free or low-cost education programs to prepare people to work alongside automation.

        For those unable to find work in tomorrows tech-driven society, governments could provide universal basic income or other safety nets for the least-advantaged.

        There are no easy answers to the growing divide between rich and poor, which will only accelerate in an automated age that leaves unskilled workers at a distinct disadvantage. But a robot tax is not the answer to this problem.

        Read more: https://techcrunch.com/2017/04/22/save-the-robots-from-taxes/

        William and Harry talk to Kate about the impact of their mum’s death

        The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry have spoken candidly about the impact of Princess Diana’s death on the their mental health in a new film as part of their Heads Together campaign to end mental health stigma.

        In the film above streamed on Facebook Live on the Royal Family’s account the three royals talk about the various pressures they’ve experienced in life, and the importance of speaking openly about mental health.

        Prince Harry says he thinks people who’ve experienced loss at a young age should talk about it sooner, rather than bottling it up.

        “We’ve never really talked about losing a mum at such a young age,” he says to William. “When you speak to other people’s families, you think, wow I don’t want them to have to go through the same thing.”

        William says that over the years he and his brother haven’t talked enough about their mother. WHile Harry adds that thinking in that way can be really damaging. “I always thought to myself, what’s the point in bringing up something that’s only gonna make you sad? It ain’t gonna change it. It ain’t gonna bring her back,” he says.

        Kate says she thinks it’s “incredible” how strong the two princes are, and how they’ve been able to cope. “I put that down to your really early years, childhood experience. But, also the relationship you’ve got. You’re amazingly close,” said Kate.

        “We have been brought closer because of the circumstances as well,” agrees William.

        Read more: http://mashable.com/2017/04/21/prince-william-harry-mums-death/

        What happens after you ghost someone? They come back to haunt your Snapchat.

        Social media is now spookier than ever.
        Image: ambar del moral/mashable

        Do you have lost loves lurking on your Instagram feed? Do you feel a spooky shiver whenever you use Snapchat? Youre probably being haunted.

        Yes, haunted. Basically it’s when someone youve ended things with decides to reassert themselves into your fragile mind by watching your Instagram or Snapchat stories or liking your social media posts.

        As with actual ghosts, they usually appear out of nowhere often they don’t even follow you officially. And seeing that notification pop up on your phone gives you a fright or, worse, brings up all the bad feelings you’ve tried to leave behind.

        To be clear, you don’t have to have ghosted or been ghosted by someone in order for them to haunt you. Even a former mate with whom you had a proper wrenching goodbye can pop up months or even years later to remind you of their existence.

        Haunting is the newest new term for a longstanding dating phenomenon, and it’s the logical followup to our recent plague of ghosting. Modern romance is really moving into a scary place, y’all.

        Its not entirely new, obviously. Former lovers have been finding ways to irritate and stalk us from the beyond for as long as there have been people, and the term itself has been around since at least last summer.

        It’s really starting to take hold though, even getting a shout out in Cosmo. This rise has almost certainly been fueled by the fact that Instagram and Facebook stories now provide yet another realm for these otherworldly presences to rattle around in.

        Fittingly, it can be very hard to exercise these dating demons once they’ve found you. You’ll only out yourself by pinging them and demanding to know why they’re hanging around in your social media space.

        Boooo!

        Image: giphy

        There’s always delete your account, but that’s a bit like burning down the house to get rid of the ghost it’ll never work. For now that leaves you with blocking them, an imperfect but effective solution, or making peace with the ghost’s occasional presence.

        We can only hope that someday there will be a way to burn virtual sage and exorcise these spirits from our feeds. Oh, right, there already is. It’s called blocking.

        WATCH: Lady Gaga FaceTimed with Prince William to discuss a very important issue

        Read more: http://mashable.com/2017/04/20/haunting-dating-ghosting/

        Apple cider vinegar: What the experts say

        (CNN)Apple cider vinegar is one of the most popular natural health products around, with claims for everything from sanitizing toothbrushes to whittling waistlines.

        But how much of its popularity is based on hype? Could you be wasting your time or — even worse — harming your health?
        Here are 10 of the top ways people are using apple cider vinegar and what the science says.

          Diabetes

          What’s the most popular use for apple cider vinegar? If a simple internet search is any measure, it involves diabetes.
          Dietitian Carol Johnston has been studying the effects of the main component of any vinegar, acetic acid, on diabetic blood glucose levels since 2004. She’s conducted 10 small randomly controlled studies and published six papers on the subject.
          Her studies indicate vinegar can help lower blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes; in those who are prediabetic, also called insulin-resistant; and even in healthy control subjects. The improvement was slight for all but those at risk for diabetes, she says.
          “In pre-diabetics, it was too good to be true,” says Johnston,who is also associate director of the Arizona State University’s School of Nutrition and Health. “It fell a good bit and stayed that way. It may be this is the group that could benefit the most.”
          But this antiglycemic response can be induced by any sort of vinegar, she says: red and white wine vinegars, pomegranate vinegar or even white distilled vinegar. She suggests adding it to salads, as in the Mediterranean diet, or diluting it in water and drinking it before a meal.
          “Basically, what acetic acid is doing is blocking the absorption of starch,” Johnston says. “If my study subjects eat a starch and add vinegar, glucose will go down. But if they drink sugar water and add vinegar, nothing happens. So if you’re having bacon and eggs, don’t bother. It only helps if you are consuming a starch.”
          If you choose to use apple cider vinegar, be sure to tell your doctor, says nutritionist Lisa Drayer.
          “If you’re taking a diabetes drug, the vinegar could amplify the effects of your meds,” she warns, “and your doctor might want to adjust your dosage.”
          Most important, if you’re expecting vinegar to significantly alter or prevent diabetes, science suggests you reconsider.
          Johnston notes that there is no evidence, in her studies or others, to establish that connection.
          “I simply determine if your glucose level goes up and down,” she says. “If I was to show that vinegar slows progression to diabetes, then I would need hundreds of people and millions of dollars to do the studies, because diabetes has a lot of causes, including genetics.”

          Weight loss

          Weight loss, or dieting, is another popular use for apple cider vinegar and there is some evidence that it can help.
          The most cited study was done with 175 heavy but otherwise healthy Japanese subjects. The 12-week treatment produced lower body weight, body mass index, visceral fat, waist measurements and triglyceride levels. Sounds great, right?
          “People didn’t really lose that much weight,” Drayer says. “Only 2 to 4 pounds in three months over a placebo. That’s only a third of a pound a week.”
          Johnston agrees the study showed “a very, very modest weight loss.’
          “In fact, I would say most people who are on a diet for 12 weeks and only lose a couple of pounds aren’t going to be very happy,” she adds.
          If you are using apple cider or other vinegars as one part of an overall plan, combining it with a healthy diet, portion control and exercise, it might help, Drayer says. She suggested using balsamic vinegar on salads, in a 4:1 ratio with oil, or adding it to sauces for poultry and fish.
          “If you were doing all the other things to lose weight, it might give you a slight edge,” Drayer says. “Also, if you’re drinking it in water, that’s good, as water makes you feel full.”
          “Sometimes, people get really excited to try something new, and then their other behaviors change, too,” she adds. “So if this helps people be more careful overall, that’s a good thing.”

          Teeth cleaning and whitening

          “Some people like to use it to remove stains and whiten their teeth,” according to one of many online articles touting apple cider vinegar for this purpose: “To try this, rub a small amount of apple cider vinegar onto your teeth with a cotton swab.”
          “I let out an audible gasp when I read about this!” says Chicago dentist and American Dental Association spokeswoman Alice Boghosian. “It made me cringe, to be honest with you. What are people doing?”
          “You’re putting acid on your teeth,” Boghosian continues, “the last thing you’d want to do to promote oral health. What would be a healthier option is to brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes, with a whitening toothpaste with the ADA seal. That shows it’s been tested to do what it’s supposed to do.”
          Other articles promote rinsing your mouth with apple cider vinegar, soaking dentures with a diluted mixture or using it to clean a toothbrush.
          “You just have to rinse off your toothbrush, get all the toothpaste out, and let it air out. That’s all you have to do,” Boghosian says. “Cleaning dentures or rinsing with vinegar is not a good idea. It too could put your teeth at risk. And just think how it might affect the metal on partial dentures.”
          A pH of 7 is neutral, explains Boghosian; anything less is acid. She said many of today’s popular apple cider vinegars are in the 2 to 3 range — about the same as stomach acid.
          “Anything acidic which contacts your teeth will wear out the enamel, the protective coating, and that will cause cavities,” Boghosian adds. “So, this is totally, completely wrong, unless you want to be paying more visits to your dentist.”

          Skin, hair and nails

          Commonly suggested uses for apple cider vinegar across the internet include it’s useas a treatment for skin infections and acne, fighting lice and dandruff, as a natural wart remover and as an anti-aging treatment.
          “It will dry out a pimple, but it’s not an anti-aging method,” says dermatologist Dr. Marie Jhin, a spokeswoman for the American Academy of Dermatology. “It might fade dark spots, or maybe you could use it as a skin toner, if you dilute it a great deal. But I wouldn’t recommend it. We have much more effective and safe methods today than this.”
          One use she can agree with: “I do love it for bites, especially mosquito bites. It’s a very underutilized home remedy. If you have a lot of bites, put two cups in a full tub of water and soak. It will help with itching,” she says.
          “It can also help with sunburn, although there are so many other good remedies,” Jhin adds. “We don’t usually suggest that to patients.”
          Apple cider vinegar might help with dandruff, says Jihn, because the acidity could increase the sloughing of the skin on the scalp, and it does have some antifungal properties.
          But don’t turn to it to get rid of head lice. One study found the use of vinegar to be the least effective method among several natural solutions; only petroleum jelly killed adult louse, but it did next to nothing to fight the eggs.
          Another use Jhin recommends:”I love vinegar for paronychia, an infection under the cuticle that a lot of people get,” Jhin says. She suggests mixing one-fourth cup of vinegar with three-fourths cup of water and soaking nails.
          But what about warts and other home uses?
          “Warts are caused by a virus, so there’s no cure,” Jihn explains. “You can dab a diluted version of apple cider vinegar on a wart with a Q-tip, and it’s going to help remove dead skin, which is what we do in the office by paring it down, cutting it out or burning it with liquid nitrogen. But it’s not going to be as fast or effective as what we do in the office.”
          American Academy of Dermatology spokesman Dr. Michael Lin, director of the Advanced Dermatology and Skin Cancer Institute in Beverly Hills, has a more negative perspective on home use.
          “I’ve had quite a few patients harmed by apple cider vinegar,” Lin explains. “One terrible example was a man trying to treat genital warts. When he came into the office, the entire area was raw, burned by the vinegar.
          “I don’t know if he was using it full-strength, but whatever he was doing it was too strong,” he continues. “He probably has permanent scarring from that natural home treatment.”
          Lin says he feels more comfortable recommending distilled white vinegar, as it is created to a standardized formulation of 5% acidity.
          “With apple cider vinegar, you don’t know what strength you’re getting,” Lin says. “It’s depends on the brand, and even among batches within a brand, you could get different concentrations of acidity.”
          “If you do choose to use apple cider vinegar, try to buy a name brand that clearly labels the acidity level. And whatever you do, don’t use it full-strength.”
          He suggests a 1:10 ratio.

          All-purpose cleaner

          Because of apple cider vinegar’s antimicrobial properties, it is often suggested as a natural cleanser for the home.
          The acid is effective against mold, but according to the Pesticide Research Institute, an environmental consulting firm, so are salt, lemon juice, hydrogen peroxide, tea tree oil and baking soda.
          Many of those also smell better.
          Apple cider vinegar is biodegradable, and because of its low pH, it’s great against alkaline grime such as hard water and mineral deposits, as well as soap scum.
          But it won’t cut grease. Why not? Just think of a simple oil and vinegar salad dressing. After mixing, the oil and vinegar quickly separate because oil is nonpolar, while vinegar and water are polar, meaning they are not attracted to each other.
          Will apple cider or other vinegars sanitize or disinfect your home? Probably not enough to make you feel germ-free.
          This 1997 study showed that undiluted vinegar had some effect on E. coli and salmonella, but a study conducted in 2000 showed no real impact against E. coli or S. aureus, the common staphylococcus bacteria responsible for most skin and soft tissue infections.
          That2000 study also showed vinegars to be quite effective against the waterborne bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa, mostly found in hospitals and untreated hot tubs. It was also effective against Salmonella choleraesuis, a rare pig-borne version of salmonella.
          If you do choose to use a vinegar to clean your home, never mix it with bleach or ammonia, because it will create toxic chlorine or chloramine gases.

          Food preservatives

          Used for centuries to preserve everything from pickles to pig’s feet, vinegar is now becoming popular as a natural preservative in processed meat and poultry items as well.
          Most home pickling uses 5% distilled white vinegar because it doesn’t affect the color of the vegetables or fruits, but apple cider vinegar is a popular choice due to its mellow, fruity flavor. Do know, however, that it will turn most fruits and veggies dark.
          Another popular use for apple cider, and other vinegars, is as a food wash to reduce bacteria or viruses on the surface of fruits and vegetables. Studies have had varying results, often depending on the type of fruit or vegetable and the amount of time spent in the vinegar solution.
          After listing a number of studies and results, the US Food and Drug Administration sums it up: “Vinegar and lemon juice have potential as inexpensive, simple household sanitizers; however, possible negative sensory effects [color, odor] when used on produce would be a disadvantage.”

          Cough and sore throat

          The use of vinegar medicinally starts with the father of modern medicine, Hippocrates. He would mix it with honey and use it for chronic coughs and sore throats, and the suggestion continues today across the internet.
          Many parents might think this is a natural and safe option for their children. The American Academy of Pediatrics doesn’t have an official stance on the use of apple cider or other vinegars as a health aid, but spokeswoman Dr. Jennifer Shu urges caution.
          “I would just think that the vinegar would irritate the throat even more,” says Shu, an Atlanta pediatrician and author of “Food Fights”. “But diluting it and mixing it with other ingredients such as salt or honey might decrease any pain that the vinegar might cause.”
          The University of Arizona’s Johnston cautions against trying any vinegar straight, due to the risk of inhaling the liquid and damaging the lungs.
          “Vinegar has that strong smell and puckering taste, so if you take a breath, you could inhale it into your lungs as you swallow,” she says. “It can burn the lungs a little, because it is an acid.”
          “It can also burn your esophagus,” says Dr. Andrew Freeman, director of cardiovascular prevention at National Jewish Health in Denver, Colorado. “And if you’re predisposed to reflux, ulcers or stomach problems, it could certainly make those worse.”

          Heart disease and cancer

          If you’re a rat worried about heart disease, put apple cider and other vinegars on your shopping list.
          Studies show the vinegar can reduce blood pressure, triglycerides and total cholesterol in rodents fed a high-fat, cholesterol-rich diet. But similar studies have not been conducted in humans.
          Freeman, who serves on the American College of Cardiology’s prevention board, says there could be some benefit due to its antioxidant properties, like other heart-healthy fruits and vegetables, such as broccoli and blueberries.
          “The data is not particularly strong or overwhelming, but vascular health may be enhanced,” Freeman says. “What’s best to avoid heart disease is to exercise and eat a low-fat, plant-based diet.”
          Freeman further recommends using apple cider or other vinegars on salads, to maximize the benefits and reduce any reactions to the acidity.
          What about cancer? Japanese scientists have inhibited the growth of human leukemia and other cancer cells in Petri dishes by exposing them to sugar cane vinegar and Japanese rice vinegar. Other studies showed a reduction in tumors and a prolonged life by adding rice vinegars to drinking water and food in rats and mice respectively.

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          Studies in humans are nonexistent.
          So, does apple cider vinegar measure up to its positive internet reputation? If you consider that almost any other vinegar will produce the same benefits, not so much.
          There arealsosome serious downsides, if used full strength and inappropriately. As the experts suggest, make sure you check with your doctor before giving it a try.
          “When do you a search for apple cider vinegar you see so many claims, and people will try it, searching for that natural cure-all,” says Drayer.
          “Whether any of those claims are based on science is another matter.”

          Read more: http://www.cnn.com/2017/04/18/health/apple-cider-vinegar-uses/index.html